When you “twist your ankle”, you can injure one or more of the ligaments that support the ankle, ranging in severity from a mild sprain to a complete tear.
Treatment involves: rest, ice, bracing, physical therapy to strengthen ankle joint
Turf toe is a sprain of the big toe joint after excessive upward bending of the big toe, caused by jamming or repetitive injury from pushing off. Symptoms: pain, swelling, and limited joint range of motion.
Treatment: rest, ice, compression, and elevation, less-flexible footwear.
Shin splints are the result of inflammation of the periosteum along the tibia. It occurs after running or walking, and results in pain in the shins and is caused by flat feet, calf tightness, overuse, worn out or improper sneakers.
Treatment: rest, ice, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, stretching exercises, properly fitted shoes, and orthotics. If not treated, shin splints may eventually result in a tibial stress fracture.